Englisch für Kinder, Anfänger und Fortgeschrittene beim Privatlehrer


Prince Hamlet has returned home to attend his father's funeral and his mother's sudden marriage to his Uncle Claudius, who has now become king! So when Hamlet meets the ghost of his dead father, he sets out upon a mysterious story of murder, intrigue and revenge - all the time trying to prove once and for all that his uncle is the murderer.

From Hamlet (Act III, scene 1) To be or not to be --- These words reflect the state of desperation in which Hamlet, the Prince of Denmark, finds himself as he contemplates suicide.

To be, or not to be: That is the question:
Whether 'tis nobler in the mind to suffer
The slings and arrows of outrageous fortune,
Or to take arms against a sea of troubles,
And, by opposing, end them. To die - to sleep,
Nor more; and by a sleep to say we end
The heart-ache and the thousand natural shocks
That flesh is heir to: 'tis a consummation
Devoutly to be wished. To die, to sleep;
To sleep, perchance to dream. Ay, there's the rub,
For in that sleep of death what dreams may come,
When we have shuffled off this mortal coil,
Must give us a pause. There's the respect
That makes calamity of so long life;
For who would bear the whips and scorns of time,
Th'oppressor's wrong, the proud man's contumely,
The pangs of disprized love, the law's delay,
  The insolence of office, and the spurns
That patient merit of th'unworthy takes,
When he himself might his quietus make
With a bare bodkin?
Who would fardels bear,
To grunt and sweat under a weary life,
But that the dread of something after death
(The undiscovered country, from whose bourn
No travellers returns) puzzles the will,
And makes us rather bear those ills we have,
Than fly to others that we know not of?
Thus conscience does make cowards of us all;
And thus the native hue of resolution
Is sicklied o'er with the pale cast of thought,
And enterprises of great pitch and moment
With this regard their currents turn awry,
And lose the name of action.


nach oben

When was Shakespeare born?

  • a) 1524
  • b) 1561
  • c) 1564

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The actual day is not recorded. However, according to the records of Stratford's Holy Trinity Church, he was baptized on April 26. As it was customary to baptize infants within days of their birth and because Shakespeare died 52 years later on April 23 it has become traditional to call April 23 his birthday.

nach oben

How old was Shakespeare when he married?

  • a) 18
  • b) 20
  • c) 22

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He married to Anne Harthaway in 1852. The next year a daughter, Susanne, was born and two years later the twins Judith and Hamnet.

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What does "The Lord Chamberlain's Men" mean?

  • a) the title of a drama written by Shakespeare
  • b) an acting troupe
  • c) a cheese cake

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Shakespeare was recognized as an actor, poet and playwright. He joined up with one of the most successful acting troupes in London: "The Lord Chamberlain's Men". In 1599 the troupe lost the lease of the theatre where they performed, however, they were wealthy enough to build their own theatre across the Thames, south of London, which they called "The Globe". In 1613 a canon fired from the roof of the theatre for a gala performance of Henry VIII put fire and the theatre burned to the ground. Amazingly there were no caualties. The next spring the company had the theatre "new" builded.